Lesson Plans (3) | Learning Activities (3) | Classroom Resources (2) |

View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[SC2015] PS8 (8) 8 :

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 9 :

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

8 ) Use Newton's first law to demonstrate and explain that an object is either at rest or moves at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force (e.g., model car on a table remaining at rest until pushed).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 9 :

9 ) Use Newton's second law to demonstrate and explain how changes in an object's motion depend on the sum of the external forces on the object and the mass of the object (e.g., billiard balls moving when hit with a cue stick).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

10 ) Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).*

The third installment of a three-part lesson on Newton's Laws of Motion, this lesson focuses on Newton's 2nd Law and offers review of all three laws. Students will complete graphic organizers to demonstrate their understanding of the three laws of motion. Students will work in tiered groups to prepare a brief presentation to share with the class on a real-life scenario demonstrating Newton's 2nd Law.

*This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.*

View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[SC2015] PS8 (8) 8 :

8 ) Use Newton's first law to demonstrate and explain that an object is either at rest or moves at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force (e.g., model car on a table remaining at rest until pushed).

This lesson is the first part of a series of lessons based on Newton's Three Laws of Motion. This lesson introduces the laws and specifically centers on developing a video as a model for students to demonstrate and explain Newton's First Law of Motion.

*This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.*

View Standards
**Standard(s): **
[SC2015] PS8 (8) 8 :

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

8 ) Use Newton's first law to demonstrate and explain that an object is either at rest or moves at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force (e.g., model car on a table remaining at rest until pushed).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

10 ) Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).*

This is a hands-on, cooperative learning activity where students are using items purchased from a grocery store to design a device and construct a shock-absorbing system out of paper, straws, and miniature marshmallows that will protect two astronauts when landing on Mars. Students are able to develop engineering skills to develop a spacecraft to land on Mars, a mission NASA is currently working on. Students propose a model of a spacecraft to land astronauts safely on the moon, test it, and then revise.

This lesson was created as part of the 2016 NASA STEM Standards of Practice Project, a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.

The students will measure the speed of a tennis ball as it rolls across a flat surface. Students will learn that because of inertia, an object tends to maintain its motion.

*This activity results from the ALEX Resource Development Summit. *

The activity can be used to introduce Newton's first law of motion. The teacher will demonstrate the different ways in which a car can roll down a ramp and the resulting effects of each trial. The students will perform a quick write before each trial to make predictions about the outcomes. The students will also explain why the trials were different after the car was rolled three times. Newton's first law and inertia are the focal points of this activity.

*This activity is a result of the ALEX Resource Development Summit.*

This learning activity will allow students to observe Newton's First Law of Motion as they watch a video clip. While the video plays, the students will define vocabulary associated with the first law and record the information on a foldable (unbalanced force, mass, inertia, and weight). Then, the students will participate in a series of activities that will demonstrate Newton's First Law of Motion. For example, in the activity "Flick a Note Card", students should observe that the coin is at rest on the card, then once a force makes it move, it falls into a cup. The students will explain a series of activities in the middle of the foldable. Finally, the students will share their results and discuss how Newton's First Law relates to their own personal experiences.

*This activity was created as a result of the GAP Resource Summit.*

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 9 :

9 ) Use Newton's second law to demonstrate and explain how changes in an object's motion depend on the sum of the external forces on the object and the mass of the object (e.g., billiard balls moving when hit with a cue stick).

[SC2015] PS8 (8) 10 :

10 ) Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).*

The laws of nature are constantly influencing and interacting with our lives. Forces and motion are part of everything we do. How do we know what forces are acting on us or an object for that matter? Can we predict how the laws of motion will affect an object? Is it possible to create an art piece that can prove that these laws of nature exist? In this lesson, students will be able to study forces and motion vocabulary, visualize and describe the three laws of motion, discuss and design an art piece that justifies their knowledge and understanding of forces and motion, and present and interpret their art piece using vocabulary.

Inertia means that an object in motion will stay in motion in the same direction, or will stay at rest, unless another force acts upon it. For an object to change direction or stop moving, something has to overcome inertia.

The classroom resource provides a video that will explain Newton's First Law of Motion. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own demonstrations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.